According to the National Association for the Protection of the Sky and the Night Environment, the number of light points in France has increased by more than 90% in 25 years and 83% of the world population lives today under light pollution. This increase has multiple consequences: the formation of luminous halos preventing observation of the starry sky, alteration of the vital “dark resource” for many animal species, or even disturbance of the circadian rhythm of melatonin secretion in humans , that is, the internal clock.
Regional natural parks are at the forefront of implementing protection and enhancement of the nocturnal environment and landscape. What is happening in the Baronnies provençales national park is a good illustration of this. It brings together 130 municipalities for 39,000 inhabitants and wishes to make nature experience a factor of territorial integration and attractiveness. More and more villages are starting to be labeled "Star Village".
It is one of the regions of France and Europe best protected from light pollution. Some villages are not yet in agreement but the transition to these star villages is near.